KT-1P Trainer Aircraft, Peru


KT-1P is an export version of the KT-1 turboprop basic trainer aircraft, jointly developed by Korea Aerospace Industries (KAI) and the Agency for Defence Development (ADD) for the South Korean Air Force.

The Peruvian Air Force (FAP) will receive a total of 20 KT-1P trainer aircraft under a strategic alliance with South Korea by 2016. The aircraft is intended to provide basic training for the FAP's pilots and perform tactical flights in patrol and support missions in the Vraem region. It can also be deployed in missions such as counter-terrorism, drug trafficking, and illegal mining in the Valley of the Rivers Apurimac, Ene, and Mantaro.

The first KT-1P, produced in Peru, performed its maiden flight in April 2015.

KT-1P trainer aircraft development

PeruSat-1 is a very high-resolution Earth observation satellite system being built for the government of Peru.

The Peruvian Government signed a $210m agreement with Korea to acquire 20 KT-1P military trainer aircraft in November 2012. Four of the 20 aircraft will be exported by KAI, while the remaining will be jointly manufactured by KAI and the FAP's Maintenance Service Department (SEMAN) in Peru.

The FAP's Maintenance Service Department will manufacture structural parts and perform final assembly for 16 aircraft. KAI will oversee training, implementation and delivery of special tools and equipment at its local production base at Las Palmas Air Base in Lima.

Production of the KT-1P aircraft in Peru began in May 2014. The first two aircraft were deployed by the Peruvian Air Force's No.51 Air Group based at Pisco in October 2014. The new KT-1Ps will replace ageing EMB-312 and MB-399 aircraft, which are currently in service with Peru.

Design of KT-1P trainer jet

"The KT-1P aircraft is 10.3m-long and 3.7m-high, and features a fixed wing design and tri-cycle landing gear."

The KT-1P aircraft is 10.3m-long and 3.7m-high, and features a fixed wing design and tri-cycle landing gear. It can seat up to two pilots in tandem seating configuration. Its aerodynamic design allows pilots to operate at a safe altitude.

Avionics onboard KT-1P

The KT-1P aircraft's glass cockpit is integrated with Esterline CMC Electronics' Cockpit 4000 avionics suite, which comprises head up display camera (HUD), HUD repeater, integrated avionics computer, front and rear up front control panels, 5in x 7in multi-function display (MFD), multiple interfaces, communications, navigation systems, sensors, armament interface, embedded virtual training capability, and embedded air combat manoeuvring instrumentation.

The system integrates communication and navigation units including UHF, VHF, HF, INS / GPS, data link, REC navigation system, air data navigation, and TACAN RT-1634(V) tactical airborne navigation system.

The trainer jet also incorporates Meggitt Avionics' integrated secondary flight display (iSFD) for displaying air speed, critical altitude, attitude, and heading data.

Engine and performance

"The trainer jet has a maximum speed of 450km / h and a range of 688km, and can reach a maximum height of 10,000m."

The aircraft is powered by a single Pratt & Whitney PT6A-62 engine and fitted with a four-blade HC-E4N-2D / E9512G(B)-1 propeller. Fuel capacity of the aircraft is 110gal.

The trainer jet has a maximum speed of 450km / h and a range of 688km, and can reach a maximum height of 10,000m. G limit of the aircraft is between -3.5g and +7.0g and endurance is four hours.

Contractors involved

Esterline CMC Electronics was selected by KAI in December 2012, to provide its Cockpit 4000 integrated avionics suite and glass cockpit for ground and flight testing of the KT-1P aircraft.

Meggitt Avionics announced in March 2013 that the company would modernise the secondary displays, heading and air data units installed on the KT-1 for the Peruvian KT-1Ps.

L-3 Aviation Products was selected by KAI in June 2013 to supply TACAN RT-1634(V) tactical airborne navigation system for installation on the KT-1P trainer jet.

KT-1 variants

The KT-1 basic trainer is available in five variants namely KT-1T, KT-1B, KT-1C, KA-1, and KTX-1 Yeo-Myung. The export versions, KT-1T and KT-1B, have been developed for the Indonesian Air Force and Turkish Air Force respectively.

KTX-1 Yeo-Myung is the first prototype built by KAI, KT-1C is an improved combat export model, and KA-1 is an armed trainer with light-attack capabilities.

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