AN-132 is a new light, multi-purpose transport aircraft being developed by Antonov and Taqnia Aeronautics Company. The aircraft is based on Antonov An-32 (Nato reporting name: Cline) twin-engine turboprop.
The light transport aircraft is primarily intended to transport cargo weighing up to 9.2t, while its secondary roles will include aerial delivery of cargo on parachute platforms, airdropping of paratroopers, medical evacuation, reconnaissance, maritime surveillance, and other military and civilian missions.
Antonov presented its AN-132 project at SITDEF 2015, one of the biggest exhibitions of Latin America, in May 2015. It estimates market demand for the aircraft to be nearly 900 units.
The first flying prototype, designated AN-132D, performed its maiden flight in April 2017. Antonov, Wahaj Aerospace and Taqnia signed a cooperation agreement in March 2018 for the production of the aircraft.
AN-132 development programme
An-178 is a short-range medium-airlift transport aircraft currently under development by Antonov.
A contract signed by KACST and Antonov in April 2015 marked the beginning of the AN-132 development programme. The An-32 platform was preferred after studying the requirements of Saudi Arabia and the global market for light transport aircraft in the military and civil sectors.
Taqnia Aeronautics Company, a subsidiary of Saudi Company for Technological Development and Investment (TAQNIA), signed an agreement with Antonov in May 2015 to develop and manufacture the AN-132 light cargo planes in Saudi Arabia.
Under the agreement, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST), Taqnia Aeronautics Company and Antonov will redevelop the existing An-32 aircraft to produce a new variant with improved payload and range characteristics. The agreement will also enable transfer of the technology to Saudi Arabia.
The programme will also encompass the development of a new cockpit with state-of-the-art US-made navigation systems, which will allow the crew to efficiently operate the aircraft in adverse conditions. Additionally, new equipment and systems will be integrated into the aircraft to significantly enhance its capabilities. The intellectual property rights and inventions for the aircraft will also be owned by Saudi Arabia.
In June 2015, Antonov signed a participation agreement for the design and construction of an aviation plant in Saudi Arabia. The plant is to be furnished with modern equipment, allowing the implementation of new aviation technologies in the aircraft production.
Taqnia (Saudi Arabia), the Ukrainian Scientific Research Institute of Aviation Technology (UkrNIIAT), Altis Holding (Ukraine) and Broetje-Automation (Germany) will be involved in the development of the aviation plant.
The AN-132 light airlifter became the first aircraft built at the new aviation complex, UOP Aircraft cluster, under the finalised arrangements.
AN-132 design and features
The AN-132 will retain the best characteristics of An-32, including a high thrust-to-weight ratio for operations in hot and high conditions. It will also offer reliability and flexibility to operators.
The transport plane will integrate in-built cargohandling equipment for loading / off-loading of payloads, while an auxiliary power unit aboard the aircraft will allow autonomous operations when operating at poorlyequipped airfields.
AN-132 will have the capability to land on unprepared runways where other transport aircraft fail to operate. It will be used for the transportation of troops and light vehicles in standard configuration, but can be configured for airdropping of paratroopers or cargo and MEDEVAC roles.
The AN-132 will be equipped with an advanced glass cockpit accommodating two crew members. This cockpit will integrate navigation systems from Honeywell and systems and equipment aboard the aircraft will meet all modern standards.
The new Saudi-Ukrainian aircraft will be powered by two turboprop engines supplied by Pratt & Whitney Canada. Each engine will drive a Hamilton Sundstrand propeller. The power-plant will offer AN-132 an extended range compared to An-32.