The Russian Air Force will receive two new air defence systems, the Morfey and the Vityaz, and the S-500 air defence system by 2015.

Air Force Commander Colonel General Alexander Zelin said Russia was developing the systems as part of a future multilayered aerospace defence network.

“The Morfey is a short-range air defense system with effective range of five kilometres),” RIA Novosti quotes Zelin as saying.

“It is designed to protect military installations and has both active and passive weapons (launchers and radars).”

The Vityaz, an upgrade of the S-300 medium-range system, would have a launcher with 16 missiles compared to only four on the S-300.

The new systems are expected to complement the S-400 (SA-21 Growler) and S-500 systems in the future aerospace defence network to engage targets at ranges from 5km to 400km, and at altitudes of up to 50,000m.