Small Diameter Bomb II (SDB II), United States of America
The air-launched, precision strike, Small Diameter Bomb Increment II (SDB II), also known as GBU-53 / B, is planned for integration on the F-15E Strike Eagle twin-engine aircraft in 2017. Raytheon Missile Systems is the prime contractor for the joint United States Air Force (USAF) and navy SDB II programme.
Designed to address critical troop needs, the guided weapon can detect, track, and destroy stationary or moving targets with high-precision and stand-off range during day and at night in all-weather conditions.
It can be integrated on various fourth and fifth-generation fighter aircraft, including the USAF's F-15E, F-35A, F / A-22, and F-16C / D;US Navy's F-35C and F / A-18E /; and the US Marine Corps' (USMC) F-35B Joint Strike Fighter. It is also compatible with the bombers and remotely-piloted aircraft.
The US Department of Defense (DOD) has invested more than $700m in the SDB II programme, as of February 2015.
Development of the small diameter bomb
The F-4 Phantom (previously called the F-4 Phantom II) is a fighter bomber developed by McDonnell Douglas.
The US Air Force Air Armament Center, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida awarded a $144m contract to Raytheon in April 2006 for risk reduction work of the SDB II bomb. The work was completed in August 2009.
Raytheon was further awarded a $450m contract by the USAF for engineering, manufacturing, and development of the SDB II in August 2010. The USAF critical design review of the SDB II programme was completed in April 2011.
The weapon's integration on the F-35, F / A-18E / F, and F-16 aircraft began in July 2014. The SDB II programme achieved Milestone C decision in May 2015.
Raytheon received a fixed-price contract worth approximately $30.94m for the low-rate initial production of 144 SDB II bombs in June 2015.
Flight tests of SDB II guided weapon
The SDB II winged weapon made its first control test vehicle (CTV) flight from the USAF F-15E fighter aircraft in April 2009. A series of captive carry flight tests were concluded in July 2009. The first control test vehicle flight post the contract award was performed from the F-15E aircraft in June 2011.
The SDB II warhead was demonstrated during a series of tests in November 2011. Raytheon demonstrated the multi-mode seeker capability to acquire and track moving vehicles during a series of captive flight tests completed in December 2011.
The weapon made direct hits on moving targets with operationally-representative speeds during a series of flight tests concluded in October 2013. A series of flights against stationary land targets were concluded in June 2014. The bomb executed three direct-hit guided test vehicle flights against stationary and moving targets in September 2014.
Raytheon and the USAF completed two live fire tests against moving targets at the White Sands Missile Test Range in February 2015.
Design, features and operation of SDB II air-launched bomb
The SDB II glide weapon's manoeuvrable airframe and deployable wings provide improved stand-off range. It has three main features - tri-mode seeker head assembly, dual wave form and lethal warhead.
The bomb measures 69in-long, 6in in diameter and 68in in wing span, and weighs 204lb. It operates in four attack modes - normal, coordinate, immediate, and laser-illuminated. When operated in the normal attack mode, the weapon engages stationary and moving targets in all-weather conditions, while the fixed targets can be engaged in the coordinate attack mode.
The immediate attack mode allows engagement of close-in or pop-up opportunity targets and creates a predictable flight path. The laser-illuminated attack mode is meant for hit-the-spot precision.
The SDB II is also fitted with control actuation system, thermal battery, pop-up air turbine alternator, and a wing deployment driver. The on-board mission computer is used to interconnect and control the sensors and navigation systems.
SDB II guidance and navigation
The multi-mode seeker, which is protected by a clamshell dome cover, has three operating modes: millimeter-wave (MMW) radar, uncooled imaging infrared (IIR), and semi-active laser sensor. The seeker electronics are designed to reduce the effectiveness of the countermeasures in various battlefield scenarios.
The MMW radar enables the bomb to quickly detect and track stationary or moving targets under all-weather conditions. The IIR sensor offers enhanced discrimination and classification of targets, while the laser sensor provides the maximum operational flexibility of the weapon.
The global positioning system / inertial measurement unit (GPS / IMU) navigation device uses anti-jam GPS, which provides accurate positioning and high-precision.
Rockwell Collins' three-node, two-way networked data link provides in-flight target updates, in-flight retargeting, weapon status messages, and weapon abort.
The multi-effects warhead, developed by General Dynamics-Ordnance and Tactical Systems, offers lethality with minimum collateral damage against a variety of targets, including armoured vehicles. The bomb also features a smart fuse.
Performance of the SDB II weapon
The guided weapon can engage multiple targets from more than 40nm away. It also has close-in and immediate target engagement capabilities.